Antioch

Known in ancient times as Antioch on the Orontes,  Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Ὀρόντου

Antioch was founded by Seleucus I Nicator (one of Alexander’s successor generals) after the coalition of Seleucus I (ruler of Babylonia), Lysimachus (ruler of Thrace) and Cassander (of Macedon) had won the Battle of Ipsus in 301 B.C. defeating Antigonus I Monophthalmus “one-eyed” (ruler of Phrygia), and his son Demetrius I (of Macedon) and taking the whole of Syria. Seleucus I named the city after his father Antiochus. Seleucus I Tetradrachm
Seleucus I portrait on Antiochus I tetradrachm.
Image thank you Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com,

In Seleucid times the mint at Antioch began to take over from the capital mint at Seleucia On the Tigris.

Roman Antioch with its port Seleucia Pieria was always a significant trading hub of the Empire.

The offices of the City mint issued coins by special decree of the Senate. S-C Senatus Consultum.

Byzantine mint at Antioch

Anitoch was badly damaged in the earthquake of 526. This was followed by a Sasanid sacking in 540 and the relocation of the captive and traumatized population. Justinian I makes an attempt at a revival but Antioch declines, passing between Byzantine and Sasanid empires.

later… Crusader mint at Antioch

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