Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius. ADVENTVI AVG IVDAEAE. Very Rare.
Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius 32 mm. 29.1 gm. “Travel series” issue (“Provinces cycle”) – Adventus type. Rome mint. Struck circa AD 130-133. Obv: Bareheaded and draped bust right. Rev: ADVENTVI AVG IVDAEAE, S C in exergue, Hadrian standing right, raising right hand and holding volumen in left, facing Judaea standing left, holding patera in right hand and acerrum in left; at her feet, one small child stands to her left and right; between them, lighted altar; victim (bull) at foot of altar. RIC II.3 1769; Banti 37; Hendin 1604a. Very Rare.
As part of his second great provincial tour of AD 129-132, Hadrian visited Judaea in 130. There was hope amongst the Jews that Hadrian would rebuild Jerusalem and the great temple, destroyed in the first Jewish War of 66 to 73. This rare sestertius depicts Hadrian’s arrival with the reverse legend ADVENTVI AVG IVDAEAE (“the Emperor Enters Judaea”). Hadrian is depicted being greeted by a female personification of the province and two children bearing palm branches.
Hadrian chose instead to rebuild the city as the Roman veteran colony of Aelia Capitolina, with a new temple dedicated to Jupiter. The unrest that followed, known as the Kokhba Revolt of AD 132-135, resulted in heavy losses on both sides.
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